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Table 2 Type of nutritional advice received by disease (N = 300)

From: Immune-mediated inflammatory diseases and nutrition: results from an online survey on patients’ practices and perceptions

  Rheumatic diseases Gastrointestinal diseases Psoriasis (N = 50) N (%) Overall (N = 300) N (%)
AS RA PsA CD UC
(N = 50)
N (%)
(N = 50)
N (%)
(N = 50)
N (%)
(N = 50)
N (%)
(N = 50)
N (%)
Gluten-free diet 16 (32) 12 (24) 10 (20) 16 (32) 16 (32) 4 (8) 74 (25)
Low-salt diet 4 (8) 19 (38) 10 (20) 17 (34) 16 (32) 2 (4) 68 (23)
Low-fiber diet 4 (8) 5 (10) 3 (6) 29 (58) 21 (42) 0 (0) 62 (21)
Low-sugar diet 4 (8) 13 (26) 13 (26) 10 (20) 12 (24) 8 (16) 60 (20)
High-fiber diet 8 (16) 11 (22) 6 (12) 2 (4) 15 (30) 6 (12) 48 (16)
Low-calorie diet 3 (6) 15 (30) 8 (16) 7 (14) 8 (16) 1 (2) 42 (14)
High-protein diet 4 (8) 8 (16) 4 (8) 12 (24) 11 (22) 2 (4) 41 (14)
Fasting diet 3 (6) 4 (8) 5 (10) 9 (18) 13 (26) 5 (10) 39 (13)
No recommendation 29 (58) 17 (34) 27 (54) 10 (20) 15 (30) 35 (70) 133 (44)
  1. Abbreviations: AS Ankylosing spondylitis, RA Rheumatoid arthritis, PsA Psoriatic arthritis, CD Crohn’s disease, UC Ulcerative colitis