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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of different factors associated with undernutrition among children with cardiac diseases at University of Gondar referral hospital, northwest Ethiopia, 2019(No = 269)

From: Magnitude of undernutrition and associated factors among children with cardiac disease at University of Gondar hospital, Ethiopia

Variables Undernutrition COR with95%CI AOR (95%CI)
Yes No
Pulmonary Hypertension
 Yes 34 (77.3%) 10 (22.7%) 3.82 (1.80, 8.10) 3.79 (1.10,13.1) a
 No 106 (47.1%) 119 (52.9%) 1 1
Residence
 Rural 75 (58.1%) 54 (41.9%) 2.15 (1.32,3.49) 1.45 (0.74,2.86)
 Urban 55 (39.3%) 85 (60.7%) 1 1
Recent admission
 Yes 59 (63.4%) 34 (36.6%) 2.54 (1.51,4.27) 1.46 (0.72,2.94)
 No 71 (40.6%) 104 (59.4%) 1 1
Admission frequency
 No 10 (38.5%) 16 (61.5%) 1 1
 1 to 2 times 85 (45%) 103 (55%) 1.32 (0.57,3.06) 1.06 (0.35,3.27)
 Three times 14 (56%) 11 (44%) 2.04 (0.67,6.22) 1.18 (0.25,5.61)
  > 4 times 20 (69%) 9 (31%) 3.56 (1.17,10.84) 1.03 (0.23,4.70)
ROSS/NYHA class
 Asymptomatic 41 (31%) 92 (69%) 1 1
 Mild symptom 40 (52%) 37 (48%) 2.43 (1.36,4.33) 1.35 (0.65,2.80)
 Moderate to severe 49 (84.5%) 9 (15.5%) 12.22 (5.49,27.2) 4.64 (1.69,12.72) a
Cardiac chamber enlargement
 Yes 96 (61%) 62 (39%) 3.61 (2.15,6.06) 2.91 (1.45,5.66) a
 No 33 (30%) 77 (70%) 1  
Type of cardiac Disease
 CHD 70 (85.3%) 12 (14.6%) 1.81 (1.07,3.06) 1.47 (0.72,4.21)
 Acquired heart disease 107 (57.2%) 80 (42.7%) 1 1
  1. aStatistically significant; COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval CHD, congenital heart defects; heart failure status described either by ROSS status or NYHA (New York heart association)