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Table 3 BMI categories before the escape, upon and since arrival to Germany, stratified by sex and age group (N = 326)

From: Body mass index and associated factors among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany: a cross-sectional study

 

Age group

p-value

18–24

25–29

30–39

40+

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

BMI before escape

 Overall

        

< 0.001

  Underweight

8

11.4

2

3.3

0

0.0

0

0.0

  Normal weight

40

57.1

28

45.9

24

30.8

20

31.8

  Pre-obesity (overweight)

18

25.7

22

36.1

36

46.2

30

47.6

  Obesity class I/II/III

4

5.7

9

14.8

18

23.1

13

20.6

 Men

        

0.001

  Underweight

2

3.7

2

4.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

  Normal weight

36

66.7

27

54.0

15

27.8

15

33.3

  Pre-obesity (overweight)

14

25.1

15

30.0

28

51.9

22

48.9

  Obesity class I/II/III

2

3.7

6

12.0

11

20.4

8

17.8

 Women

        

0.002

  Underweight

6

37.5

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

  Normal weight

4

25.0

1

9.1

9

37.5

5

27.8

  Pre-obesity (overweight)

4

25.0

7

63.6

8

33.3

8

44.4

  Obesity class I/II/III

2

12.5

3

27.3

7

29.2

5

27.8

BMI upon arrival

Overall

        

< 0.001

  Underweight

10

13.7

2

3.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

  Normal weight

48

65.8

32

48.5

37

43.5

30

44.1

  Pre-obesity (overweight)

11

15.1

25

37.9

36

42.4

26

38.2

  Obesity class I/II/III

4

5.5

7

10.6

12

14.1

12

17.7

Men

        

< 0.001

  Underweight

4

7.0

2

3.8

0

0.0

0

0.0

  Normal weight

43

75.4

30

56.6

25

43.1

18

38.3

  Pre-obesity (overweight)

7

12.3

16

30.2

27

46.6

20

42.6

  Obesity class I/II/III

3

5.3

5

9.4

6

10.3

9

19.2

Women

        

< 0.001

  Underweight

6

37.5

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

  Normal weight

5

31.3

2

15.4

12

44.4

12

57.1

  Pre-obesity (overweight)

4

25.0

9

69.2

9

33.3

6

28.6

  Obesity class I/II/III

1

6.3

2

15.4

6

22.2

3

14.3

BMI since arrival

Overall

        

< 0.001

  Underweight

9

11.3

1

1.4

0

0.0

0

0.0

  Normal weight

50

62.5

30

42.9

26

29.6

25

33.8

  Pre-obesity (overweight)

17

21.3

28

40.0

44

50.0

32

43.2

  Obesity class I/II/III

4

5.0

11

15.7

18

20.5

17

23.0

Men

        

< 0.001

  Underweight

6

9.4

1

1.8

0

0.0

0

0.0

  Normal weight

43

67.2

29

51.8

20

32.8

17

34.7

  Pre-obesity (overweight)

14

21.1

20

35.7

33

54.1

23

46.9

  Obesity class I/II/III

1

1.6

6

10.7

8

13.1

9

18.4

Women

        

0.014

  Underweight

3

18.8

0

0.0

0

0.0

0

0.0

  Normal weight

7

43.8

1

7.1

6

22.2

8

32.0

  Pre-obesity (overweight)

3

18.8

8

57.1

11

40.7

9

36.0

  Obesity class I/II/III

3

18.8

5

35.7

10

37.0

8

32.0

  1. n: quantity; %: proportion