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Table 4 Unadjusted and Adjusted differences in mean haemoglobin concentration between women in the study

From: Risk of anaemia among women engaged in biomass-based fish smoking as their primary livelihood in the central region of Ghana: a comparative cross-sectional study

  FSL womena (n = 175) OL womenb
(n = 155)
Difference in means (95% CI)c dP-value
Haemoglobin concentration (g/dL)
 Unadjusted 12.3 ± 1.9 12.6 ± 1.8 −0.3 (−0.7, 0.1) 0.17
 Adjustede 12.2 ± 0.2 12.8 ± 0.2 −0.6 (−1.2, − 0.1) 0.018
  1. a Women engaged in Fish smoking livelihood. b Women engaged in other livelihoods unrelated to fish smoking c95% CI = 95% Confidence Interval dP-values are based on general linear regression model (unadjusted) and ANCOVA (adjusted) for haemoglobin concentration eAdjusted for marital status, toilet facility, fever, fuel used for cooking, cigarette smoker in household, exposed to cigarette smoke outside the home at least once in past 12 months, number of days spent smoking fish in a week, and Animal Source Food (ASF) diversity in past 7-days