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Table 2 Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression of risk factors associated with underweight on childhood less than 5 years in Somali Region, Ethiopia, EDHS 2016

From: Prevalence of undernutrition and potential risk factors among children below five years of age in Somali region, Ethiopia: evidence from 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey

Variables   Underweight COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) p-value
Yes No   
Age of child in months
 0–24 124 (22.3%) 431 (77.7%) 1 1  
 25–47 171 (34.1%) 330 (65.9%) 1.80 (1.37, 2.36) 1.67 (1.22, 2.28)*** 0.001
 48–59 89 (31.4%) 194 (68.6%) 1.60 (1.16, 2.20) 1.70 (1.17, 2.46)** 0.005
Sex of child
 Male 204 (29.1%) 496 (70.9%) 1 1  
 Female 180 (28.2%) 459 (71.8%) 0.95 (0.76, 1.21) 0.89 (0.68, 1.16)  
Place of residence
 Urban 73 (27.0%) 197 (73.0%) 1 1  
 Rural 311 (29.1%) 758 (70.9%) 1.11 (0.82, 1.49) 0.72 (0.45, 1.17)  
Type of birth
 Single birth 376 (28.6%) 939 (71.4%) 1 1  
 Multiple birth 8 (33.3%) 16 (66.7%) 1.25 (0.53, 2.94) 1.26 (0.48, 3.33)  
Mothers` BMI
 Over weight 60 (23.8%) 192 (76.2%) 1 1  
 Normal weight 215 (28.4%) 542 (71.6%) 1.27 (0.91, 1.77) 1.10 (0.75, 1.61)  
 Under weight 109 (33.0%) 221 (67.0%) 1.58 (1.09, 2.28) 1.29 (084, 1.98)  
Size of child at birth
 Large 109 (25.2%) 324 (74.8%) 1 1  
 Medium 160 (27.7%) 417 (72.3%) 1.14 (0.86, 1.51) 1.17 (0.85, 1.61)  
 Small 115 (35.0%) 214 (65.0%) 1.60 (1.71, 2.19) 1.55 (1.08, 2.21)* 0.017
Present of toilet facility
 Yes 259 (30.3%) 595 (69.7%) 1 1  
 No 125 (25.8%) 360 (74.2%) 1.25 (0.98, 1.61) 0.84 (0.60, 1.18)  
Sex of household head
 Male 265 (29.2%) 642 (70.8%) 1 1  
 Female 119 (27.5%) 313 (72.5%) 0.92 (0.71, 1.19) 0.98 (0.73, 1.31)  
Household wealth index combined
 Poor 302 (29.8%) 713 (70.2%) 1 1  
 Medium 24 (30.8%) 54 (69.2%) 1.05 (0.64, 1.73) 0.96 (0.53,1.74)  
 Rich 58 (23.6%) 188 (76.4%) 0.73 (0.53, 1.01) 0.59 (0.33, 1.06)  
Number of living children
 1–2 73 (26.1%) 207 (73.9%) 1 1  
 3–4 122 (30.0%) 285 (70.0%) 1.21 (0.86, 1.71) 1.16 (0.78, 1.75)  
  > 4 189 (29.0%) 463 (71.0%) 1.16 (0.84, 1.59) 1.11 (0.75, 1.63)  
Sources of drinking water
 Improved 69 (28.5%) 173 (71.5%) 1 1  
 Unimproved 315 (28.7%) 782 (71.3%) 1.01 (0.74, 1.37) 0.89 (0.61, 1.32)  
Anemia level
 Non-anemic 46 (25.0%) 280 (70.9%) 1 1  
 Anemic 287 (34.4%) 548 (65.6%) 1.57 (1.09, 2.26) 1.65 (1.12, 2.43)* 0.011
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *significant p value < 0.05
  3. **significant p value < 0.01
  4. ***significant p value < 0.001, 1 = reference