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Table 4 Percent contribution of Milk & Alternatives food group to daily energy and nutrient intakes in Milk & Alternatives consumers in 2004 and 2015#

From: Consumption of Milk and alternatives decreased among Canadians from 2004 to 2015: evidence from the Canadian community health surveys

  Total population 2–5 years 6–12 years 13–18 years 19–54 years ≥ 55 years
CCHS 2004
(n = 26,619,550)
CCHS 2015
(n = 29,380,975)
CCHS 2004
(n = 921,308)
CCHS 2015
(n = 1,198,275)
CCHS 2004
(n = 2,557,706)
CCHS 2015
(n = 2,467,181)
CCHS 2004
(n = 2,641,141)
CCHS 2015
(n = 2,327,629)
CCHS 2004
(n = 13,867,241)
CCHS 2015
(n = 13,948,151)
CCHS 2004
(n = 6,632,155)
CCHS 2015
(n = 9,439,739)
Energy (%) 13.2 ± 0.1 12.3 ± 0.2 * 23.1 ± 0.5 23.8 ± 0.7 17.3 ± 0.3 16.9 ± 0.4 15.2 ± 0.2 14.5 ± 0.3 12.2 ± 0.2 11.0 ± 0.3 * 11.5 ± 0.2 11.1 ± 0.2
Calcium (%) 51.9 ± 0.2 1 45.8 ± 0.4 1* 67.0 ± 0.7 2 65.6 ± 0.9 1 61.7 ± 0.5 1 56.8 ± 0.7 1* 58.8 ± 0.5 1 52.9 ± 0.7 1* 50.1 ± 0.4 1 43.4 ± 0.7 1* 47.0 ± 0.4 1 42.2 ± 0.6 1*
Vitamin D (%) 46.2 ± 0.3 2 39.9 ± 0.5 2* 67.9 ± 0.9 1 62.7 ± 1.7 2* 60.9 ± 0.7 2 56.2 ± 1.0 2* 56.0 ± 0.7 2 46.9 ± 1.0 2* 42.4 ± 0.6 2 36.4 ± 0.9 2* 41.4 ± 0.6 2 36.1 ± 0.7 2*
Vitamin B12 (%) 38.8 ± 0.3 3 36.0 ± 0.4 3* 59.3 ± 0.9 3 58.9 ± 1.4 3 50.3 ± 0.6 3 50.5 ± 1.0 3 45.3 ± 0.6 4 43.3 ± 0.9 4 36.2 ± 0.5 3 32.0 ± 0.7 3* 34.2 ± 0.5 3 33.4 ± 0.5 3
Vitamin A (%) 35.1 ± 0.3 4 33.8 ± 0.4 4 50.3 ± 0.9 4 50.9 ± 1.4 4 46.1 ± 0.6 4 45.2 ± 0.9 4 46.5 ± 0.6 3 43.6 ± 0.9 3* 33.0 ± 0.4 4 31.4 ± 0.7 4 28.5 ± 0.4 4 29.8 ± 0.6 4
Saturated Fat (%) 31.2 ± 0.3 5 28.6 ± 0.3 5* 47.9 ± 0.7 6 47.7 ± 1.0 5 38.5 ± 0.5 6 36.8 ± 0.7 6 35.1 ± 0.5 6 32.4 ± 0.7 5* 30.1 ± 0.4 5 26.9 ± 0.6 5* 27.0 ± 0.4 5 25.7 ± 0.5 5
Phosphorus (%) 30.8 ± 0.2 6 25.4 ± 0.3 6* 48.3 ± 0.6 5 44.2 ± 0.9 7* 41.2 ± 0.4 5 35.0 ± 0.6 7* 37.3 ± 0.4 5 30.6 ± 0.6 7* 28.8 ± 0.3 6 22.9 ± 0.4 6* 26.1 ± 0.3 6 22.9 ± 0.4 6*
Riboflavin (%) 28.2 ± 0.2 7 25.0 ± 0.3 7* 45.7 ± 0.7 7 47.4 ± 1.0 6 37.5 ± 0.4 7 37.8 ± 0.7 5 33.8 ± 0.4 7 31.7 ± 0.6 6* 25.9 ± 0.3 7 21.3 ± 0.5 7* 24.9 ± 0.3 7 22.6 ± 0.4 7*
Cholesterol (%) 24.5 ± 0.3 8 23.0 ± 0.4 8* 40.1 ± 0.9 8 39.3 ± 1.2 8 33.8 ± 0.6 8 30.9 ± 0.7 8* 30.1 ± 0.5 8 27.7 ± 0.8 8 23.0 ± 0.5 8 21.3 ± 0.6 8 19.8 ± 0.4 8 20.1 ± 0.5 8
Protein (%) 21.3 ± 0.2 9 18.7 ± 0.2 9* 36.0 ± 0.6 9 34.7 ± 0.8 9 29.4 ± 0.4 9 26.2 ± 0.5 10* 25.9 ± 0.4 9 22.7 ± 0.5 10* 19.7 ± 0.3 9 16.7 ± 0.4 9* 17.9 ± 0.3 9 16.8 ± 0.3 9
Zinc (%) 20.1 ± 0.2 10 18.6 ± 0.2 10* 33.5 ± 0.6 10 34.6 ± 0.8 10 27.2 ± 0.4 10 26.5 ± 0.5 9 24.1 ± 0.3 10 23.2 ± 0.5 9 18.7 ± 0.3 10 16.6 ± 0.4 10* 16.6 ± 0.3 10 16.4 ± 0.3 10
Total Fat (%) 18.3 ± 0.2 17.3 ± 0.2 32.1 ± 0.6 31.7 ± 0.9 23.8 ± 0.4 23.1 ± 0.5 20.8 ± 0.3 19.8 ± 0.5 17.3 ± 0.3 15.9 ± 0.4 * 15.5 ± 0.3 15.3 ± 0.4
Total Sugar (%) 18.1 ± 0.2 17.0 ± 0.3 * 27.0 ± 0.6 31.2 ± 1.0 * 21.9 ± 0.4 22.8 ± 0.6 19.9 ± 0.4 19.3 ± 0.6 17.1 ± 0.4 14.7 ± 0.4 * 16.9 ± 0.3 16.5 ± 0.4
Potassium (%) 16.9 ± 0.1 14.0 ± 0.2 * 31.8 ± 0.6 30.1 ± 0.9 26.1 ± 0.4 22.8 ± 0.5 * 22.7 ± 0.4 19.5 ± 0.5 * 14.7 ± 0.2 11.5 ± 0.3 * 13.5 ± 0.2 12.0 ± 0.3 *
Magnesium (%) 15.7 ± 0.1 11.5 ± 0.1 * 30.3 ± 0.5 24.9 ± 0.8 * 24.5 ± 0.3 18.4 ± 0.4 * 21.2 ± 0.3 15.8 ± 0.4 * 13.6 ± 0.2 9.7 ± 0.3 * 12.3 ± 0.2 9.7 ± 0.2 *
MUFA (%) 14.0 ± 0.2 13.9 ± 0.2 25.9 ± 0.6 26.2 ± 0.9 18.4 ± 0.3 19.0 ± 0.5 15.9 ± 0.3 16.0 ± 0.4 13.2 ± 0.3 12.6 ± 0.4 11.8 ± 0.2 12.3 ± 0.3
Sodium (%) 13.8 ± 0.1 13.5 ± 0.2 21.9 ± 0.5 22.8 ± 0.8 17.1 ± 0.3 16.6 ± 0.4 15.4 ± 0.2 15.3 ± 0.3 13.3 ± 0.2 12.6 ± 0.3 11.8 ± 0.2 12.3 ± 0.3
Niacin (%) 11.6 ± 0.1 10.6 ± 0.2 * 22.2 ± 0.5 20.6 ± 0.6 16.9 ± 0.2 14.7 ± 0.3 * 14.8 ± 0.2 13.1 ± 0.3 * 10.4 ± 0.2 9.5 ± 0.3 * 9.5 ± 0.2 9.5 ± 0.2
Vitamin B6 (%) 9.8 ± 0.1 7.4 ± 0.1 * 18.5 ± 0.4 15.8 ± 0.6 * 14.4 ± 0.2 11.3 ± 0.3 * 12.8 ± 0.2 9.9 ± 0.3 * 8.7 ± 0.2 6.0 ± 0.2 * 7.9 ± 0.2 6.6 ± 0.2 *
Carbohydrates (%) 8.2 ± 0.1 7.7 ± 0.1 14.7 ± 0.4 15.8 ± 0.6 10.7 ± 0.2 11.2 ± 0.3 9.4 ± 0.2 9.1 ± 0.3 7.4 ± 0.2 6.5 ± 0.2 * 7.4 ± 0.1 7.3 ± 0.2
Thiamin (%) 8.0 ± 0.1 6.0 ± 0.1 * 16.2 ± 0.4 14.7 ± 0.6 11.1 ± 0.2 8.8 ± 0.3 * 9.7 ± 0.2 7.3 ± 0.2 * 7.1 ± 0.1 4.9 ± 0.2 * 6.8 ± 0.2 5.5 ± 0.1 *
Vitamin C (%) 5.4 ± 0.1 2.0 ± 0.1 * 7.3 ± 0.4 2.4 ± 0.4 * 6.8 ± 0.2 2.0 ± 0.2 * 7.2 ± 0.3 2.6 ± 0.3 * 5.1 ± 0.2 2.0 ± 0.2 * 4.6 ± 0.2 1.8 ± 0.1 *
Folate (%) 5.1 ± 0.1 4.5 ± 0.1 * 10.6 ± 0.3 9.4 ± 0.4 7.1 ± 0.1 6.0 ± 0.2 * 6.1 ± 0.1 5.3 ± 0.2 * 4.5 ± 0.1 3.8 ± 0.1 * 4.5 ± 0.1 4.3 ± 0.1
PUFA (%) 4.8 ± 0.1 4.8 ± 0.1 10.3 ± 0.4 10.6 ± 0.6 6.6 ± 0.2 6.4 ± 0.2 5.3 ± 0.1 5.5 ± 0.2 4.4 ± 0.1 4.3 ± 0.2 4.0 ± 0.1 4.2 ± 0.1
Iron (%) 3.0 ± 0.03 2.1 ± 0.04 * 5.4 ± 0.2 3.8 ± 0.2 * 3.9 ± 0.1 3.1 ± 0.1 * 3.6 ± 0.1 2.7 ± 0.1 * 2.8 ± 0.1 1.9 ± 0.1 * 2.3 ± 0.1 1.8 ± 0.1 *
  1. All data are weighted and bootstrapped to obtain population level estimate. * Significant differences between 2004 and 2015 at 5% level of significance. #The numbers (1 to 10) represent the top ten nutrients provided by Milk and Alternatives food group. Values are presented as % ± SE. CCHS: Canadian Community Health Survey; MUFA: Monounsaturated Fatty Acids; PUFA: Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids