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Table 4 Factors associated with stunting (N = 8852)

From: A comparative analysis of determinants of low birth weight and stunting among under five children of adolescent and non-adolescent mothers using 2015/16 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS)

 

N

n (%)

OR (95% CI)

aAOR (95% CI)

Maternal age (years)

 Adolescent (15–19)

600

183 (30.2)

1

1

 Adults (20+)

8252

2820 (34.2)

1.18 (0.96–1.45)

0.97 (0.73–1.29)

Level of education

 No education

1900

739 (24.6)

1

1

 Primary education

5712

1978 (65.9)

0.83 (0.73–0.94)

1.05 (0.85–1.30)

 Secondary education or higher

1240

286 (9.5)

0.47 (0.38–0.58)

0.81 (0.61–1.08)

Wealth quintile

 Low SES

5822

2262 (75.3)

1

1

 High SES

3030

742 (24.7)

0.51 (0.45–0.58)

0.69 (0.57–0.84)

Marital status

 Never married

475

145 (4.8)

0.87 (0.70–1.10)

1.25 (0.95–1.67)

 Married or living together

7457

2501 (83.3)

1

1

 Divorced/ Separated/ Widowed

920

357 (11.9)

1.25 (1.04–1.49)

1.19 (0.93–1.51)

Place of residence

 Urban

2289

569 (18.9)

1

1

 Rural

6563

2435 (81.1)

1.78 (1.48–2.15)

1.21 (0.93–1.56)

Maternal BMI

 Undernutrition

606

236 (7.9)

1.13 (0.93–1.38)

1.14 (0.85–1.52)

 Normal

6009

2169 (72.3)

1

1

 Overweight or obese

2220

596 (19.9)

0.65 (0.56–0.75)

0.77 (0.64–0.92)

Child characteristics

Birth weightb

  Normal

5245

1568 (90.4)

1

1

  Low birth weight

341

166 (9.6)

2.23 (1.67–2.98)

2.40 (1.80–3.20)

Sex

  Male

4490

1631 (54.3)

1

1

  Female

4362

1372 (45.7)

0.80 (0.72–0.89)

0.77 (0.67–0.89)

Age (months)

  0–11

1989

321 (10.7)

1

1

  12–23

2065

781 (26.0)

3.17 (2.66–3.76)

3.19 (2.49–4.08)

  24–59

4798

1901 (63.3)

3.41 (2.94–3.96)

3.36 (2.76–4.11)

  1. N Total number of respondents, n Number of under-five children stunted, % row percent AOR Adjusted odds ratio, OR Odds ratio, CI 95% Confidence interval, SES Socioeconomic status, BMI Body mass index, ANC Antenatal care
  2. aadjusted for maternal level of education, wealth index, marital status, place of residence, occupation, BMI, child birth weight, sex and age
  3. b Done only for children with birth weight data (3263 child were excluded)