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Table 4 Factors associated with stunting (N = 8852)

From: A comparative analysis of determinants of low birth weight and stunting among under five children of adolescent and non-adolescent mothers using 2015/16 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS)

  N n (%) OR (95% CI) aAOR (95% CI)
Maternal age (years)
 Adolescent (15–19) 600 183 (30.2) 1 1
 Adults (20+) 8252 2820 (34.2) 1.18 (0.96–1.45) 0.97 (0.73–1.29)
Level of education
 No education 1900 739 (24.6) 1 1
 Primary education 5712 1978 (65.9) 0.83 (0.73–0.94) 1.05 (0.85–1.30)
 Secondary education or higher 1240 286 (9.5) 0.47 (0.38–0.58) 0.81 (0.61–1.08)
Wealth quintile
 Low SES 5822 2262 (75.3) 1 1
 High SES 3030 742 (24.7) 0.51 (0.45–0.58) 0.69 (0.57–0.84)
Marital status
 Never married 475 145 (4.8) 0.87 (0.70–1.10) 1.25 (0.95–1.67)
 Married or living together 7457 2501 (83.3) 1 1
 Divorced/ Separated/ Widowed 920 357 (11.9) 1.25 (1.04–1.49) 1.19 (0.93–1.51)
Place of residence
 Urban 2289 569 (18.9) 1 1
 Rural 6563 2435 (81.1) 1.78 (1.48–2.15) 1.21 (0.93–1.56)
Maternal BMI
 Undernutrition 606 236 (7.9) 1.13 (0.93–1.38) 1.14 (0.85–1.52)
 Normal 6009 2169 (72.3) 1 1
 Overweight or obese 2220 596 (19.9) 0.65 (0.56–0.75) 0.77 (0.64–0.92)
Child characteristics
Birth weightb
  Normal 5245 1568 (90.4) 1 1
  Low birth weight 341 166 (9.6) 2.23 (1.67–2.98) 2.40 (1.80–3.20)
Sex
  Male 4490 1631 (54.3) 1 1
  Female 4362 1372 (45.7) 0.80 (0.72–0.89) 0.77 (0.67–0.89)
Age (months)
  0–11 1989 321 (10.7) 1 1
  12–23 2065 781 (26.0) 3.17 (2.66–3.76) 3.19 (2.49–4.08)
  24–59 4798 1901 (63.3) 3.41 (2.94–3.96) 3.36 (2.76–4.11)
  1. N Total number of respondents, n Number of under-five children stunted, % row percent AOR Adjusted odds ratio, OR Odds ratio, CI 95% Confidence interval, SES Socioeconomic status, BMI Body mass index, ANC Antenatal care
  2. aadjusted for maternal level of education, wealth index, marital status, place of residence, occupation, BMI, child birth weight, sex and age
  3. b Done only for children with birth weight data (3263 child were excluded)