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Table 2 Mean daily consumption of various fruits and vegetables segregated by location of residence

From: Non-attitudinal and non-knowledge based factors constrain households from translating good nutritional knowledge and attitude to achieve the WHO recommended minimum intake level for fruits and vegetables in a developing country setting: evidence from Gulu district, Uganda

 

Consumption level (grams)

Rural (n = 200)

Urban (n = 200)

Fruits/Vegetable species

Mean % ± SD

Mean % ± SD

Mean difference

P-value*

Vegetables (V)

Brassica capitate (Cabbage)

46.7 ± 4.7

14.5 ± 2.65

32.13

0.000

Solanum lycopersicum (Tomatoes)

24 ± 1.6

37.2 ± 2.4

−13.3

0.042

Spinacia oleracea (Spinach)

3 ± 1.5

0.93 ± 0.81

2.1

0.015

Brassica botrytis (Cauliflower)

0.6 ± 0.6

0.8 ± 0.8

−0.12

0.688

Capsicum annuum (Sweet pepper)

0.8 ± 0.3

15 ± 0.6

−0.7

0.020

Daucuscarota (Carrot)

0.63 ± 0.34

4.1 ± 1.1

3.5

0.000

Amaranthus retroflexus (Amaranthus)

25.8 ± 3.5

21.3 ± 3.4

4.5

0.214

Solanum tuberosum (Potatoes)

14.93 ± 2.6

3.2 ± 1.14

11.7

0.000

Vigna unguiculatus (boo)

31.9 ± 3.5

20.1 ± 2.95

11.7

0.000

Hibiscus spp (malakuang)

20.7 ± 3.4

11.5 ± 2.5

9.2

0.000

Solanum melongena (Eggplant)

24.5 ± 3.61

7.8 ± 1.96

16.72

0.000

Solanum gilo (Tula)

5.6 ± 1.8

10.3 ± 2.3

−4.7

0.001

Phaseolus vulgaris (Fresh bean)

25.7 ± 3.7

5.8 ± 1.6

−19.9

0.000

Total consumption for V

227.98 ± 8.43

219.26 ± 7.72

−8.72

0.067

Fruits (F)

Ananas comosus (Pineapple)

2.3 ± 0.91

7.2 ± 1.71

−4.9

0.000

Citrullus lanatus (Watermelon)

0.8 ± 0.6

6.8 ± 1.7

−5.97

0.000

Musa spp (Sweet banana)

4.3 ± 1.21

15 ± 2.3

−10.7

0.000

Persea americana (Avocado)

8.6 ± 1.64

8.2 ± 1.6

−0.4

0.766

Citrus spp (Oranges)

8.8 ± 1.81

8 ± 1.7

0.8

0.526

Malus (Apple)

1.990 ± 0.9

3.4 ± 1.4

−1.4

0.087

Mangifera indica (Mangoes)

20.9 ± 2.62

28.9 ± 2.93

−7.96

0.000

Artocarpus heterophyllus (Jackfruit)

6.7 ± 1.5

5.8 ± 1.54

−0.1

0.388

Passiflora edulis (passion fruit)

4.8 ± 1.3

5.6 ± 1.63

−2.8

0.006

 Fruit juice

0.000 ± 0.000

23.5 ± 2.7

−23.5

0.000

Total consumption for F

59.1 ± 3.99

144.03 ± 4.7

84.93

0.001

Total consumption for FV

249.51 ± 6.2

287.05 ± 6.4

37.54

0.001

  1. *Statistical significance is based on Bonferroni correction value of 0.002