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Table 2 Mean daily consumption of various fruits and vegetables segregated by location of residence

From: Non-attitudinal and non-knowledge based factors constrain households from translating good nutritional knowledge and attitude to achieve the WHO recommended minimum intake level for fruits and vegetables in a developing country setting: evidence from Gulu district, Uganda

  Consumption level (grams)
Rural (n = 200) Urban (n = 200)
Fruits/Vegetable species Mean % ± SD Mean % ± SD Mean difference P-value*
Vegetables (V)
Brassica capitate (Cabbage) 46.7 ± 4.7 14.5 ± 2.65 32.13 0.000
Solanum lycopersicum (Tomatoes) 24 ± 1.6 37.2 ± 2.4 −13.3 0.042
Spinacia oleracea (Spinach) 3 ± 1.5 0.93 ± 0.81 2.1 0.015
Brassica botrytis (Cauliflower) 0.6 ± 0.6 0.8 ± 0.8 −0.12 0.688
Capsicum annuum (Sweet pepper) 0.8 ± 0.3 15 ± 0.6 −0.7 0.020
Daucuscarota (Carrot) 0.63 ± 0.34 4.1 ± 1.1 3.5 0.000
Amaranthus retroflexus (Amaranthus) 25.8 ± 3.5 21.3 ± 3.4 4.5 0.214
Solanum tuberosum (Potatoes) 14.93 ± 2.6 3.2 ± 1.14 11.7 0.000
Vigna unguiculatus (boo) 31.9 ± 3.5 20.1 ± 2.95 11.7 0.000
Hibiscus spp (malakuang) 20.7 ± 3.4 11.5 ± 2.5 9.2 0.000
Solanum melongena (Eggplant) 24.5 ± 3.61 7.8 ± 1.96 16.72 0.000
Solanum gilo (Tula) 5.6 ± 1.8 10.3 ± 2.3 −4.7 0.001
Phaseolus vulgaris (Fresh bean) 25.7 ± 3.7 5.8 ± 1.6 −19.9 0.000
Total consumption for V 227.98 ± 8.43 219.26 ± 7.72 −8.72 0.067
Fruits (F)
Ananas comosus (Pineapple) 2.3 ± 0.91 7.2 ± 1.71 −4.9 0.000
Citrullus lanatus (Watermelon) 0.8 ± 0.6 6.8 ± 1.7 −5.97 0.000
Musa spp (Sweet banana) 4.3 ± 1.21 15 ± 2.3 −10.7 0.000
Persea americana (Avocado) 8.6 ± 1.64 8.2 ± 1.6 −0.4 0.766
Citrus spp (Oranges) 8.8 ± 1.81 8 ± 1.7 0.8 0.526
Malus (Apple) 1.990 ± 0.9 3.4 ± 1.4 −1.4 0.087
Mangifera indica (Mangoes) 20.9 ± 2.62 28.9 ± 2.93 −7.96 0.000
Artocarpus heterophyllus (Jackfruit) 6.7 ± 1.5 5.8 ± 1.54 −0.1 0.388
Passiflora edulis (passion fruit) 4.8 ± 1.3 5.6 ± 1.63 −2.8 0.006
 Fruit juice 0.000 ± 0.000 23.5 ± 2.7 −23.5 0.000
Total consumption for F 59.1 ± 3.99 144.03 ± 4.7 84.93 0.001
Total consumption for FV 249.51 ± 6.2 287.05 ± 6.4 37.54 0.001
  1. *Statistical significance is based on Bonferroni correction value of 0.002