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Table 3 Dietary related factors of pregnant women in Tigray regional state, Ethiopia, 2020

From: Effect of under-nutrition during pregnancy on low birth weight in Tigray regional state, Ethiopia; a prospective cohort study

Variables Exposed group (n = 245) Unexposed group (n = 255) Chi-square test, P-value
Number of meals per day ≤3 times 203 (82.9%) 171 (67.1%) 0.001
≥4 times 42 (17.1%) 84 (32.9%)
Number of additional meals per day during pregnancy No additional meals (as usual) 35 (14.3%) 78 (30.6%) 0.001
Once 81 (33.1%) 46 (18%)
Twice 94 (38.4%) 72 (28.2%)
Three times and above 35 (14.3%) 59 (23.1%)
Drinking of coffee/tea with meals or within 2 h of meal No drinking of coffee or tea 58 (23.7%) 94 (36.9%) 0.005
1–2 cups 99 (40.4%) 80 (31.4%)
≥3 cups 88 (35.9%) 81 (31.8%)
Food security level Moderate food insecure with hunger 17 (6.9%) 10 (3.9%) 0.14
Mild food insecure without hunger 80 (32.7%) 72 (28.2%)
Food secured 148 (60.4%) 173 (67.8%)