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Table 5 Bivariate and multivariate associations of factors with dietary diversity among lactating mothers visiting public health facilities in Aksum, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, June 2015

From: Dietary diversity and related factors among lactating women visiting public health facilities in Aksum town, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Characteristic Dietary diversity COR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI)b
Low Moderate or high
n (%) n (%)
Educational status     
 No formal education 27 (17.9) 30 (15.4) 1.2 (0.6–2.6) 0.8 (0.3–2.1)
 Elementary (1–8) 46 (30.5) 84 (43.1) 2 (1.01–3.9) 1.4 (0.6–3.5)
 Secondary (9–12) 54 (35.8) 59 (30.3) 1.2 (0.6–2.4) 0.9 (0.4–2.1)
 12+ 24 (15.9) 22 (11.3) 1 1
Occupation     
 Unemployed 22 (14.6) 44 (22.6) 2.3 (1.2–4.5) 2.2 (1.0–4.7)
 House wife 71 (47) 91 (46.7) 1.5 (0.9–2.5) 1.0 (0.5–2.2)
 Daily laborer 13 (8.6) 21 (10.8) 1.9 (0.8–4.2) 1.0 (0.3–2.9)
 Private business 45 (29.8) 39 (20) 1 1
Residential address     
 Urban 126 (83.4) 154 (79) 1 1
 Rural 25 (16.6) 41 (21) 1.3 (0.8–2.3) 0.9 (0.4–1.8)
Average monthly income     
  ≤ 500 ETB 81 (53.6) 115 (59) 2.6 (1.4–4.9) 2.3 (1.2–4.6)a
 501–1500 ETB 37 (24.5) 62 (31.8) 3.1 (1.5–6.2) 3.0 (1.4–6.3)a
  > 1500 ETB 33 (21.9) 18 (9.2) 1 1
Source of drinking water     
 Tap water 129 (85.4) 147 (75.4) 1 1
 Pumping water 19 (12.6) 34 (17.4) 1.6 (0.9–2.9) 1.7 (0.7–4.0)
 Protected well 3 (2) 14 (7.2) 4.1 (1.2–14.6) 4.5 (1.1–18.2)a
Availability of latrine     
 Yes 128 (84.8) 156 (80) 1 1
 No 23 (15.2) 39 (20) 1.4 (0.8–2.5) 1.5 (0.8–2.7)
History of illness in the previous 2 weeks     
 Yes 26 (17.2) 27 (13.8) 0.8 (0.4–1.4) 0.8 (0.4–1.5)
 No 125 (82.8) 168 (86.2) 1 1
Duration of menstruation (days)     
  < 4 25 (16.6) 24 (12.3) 1 1
 4–6 118 (78.1) 152 (77.9) 1.3 (0.7–2.5) 1.2 (0.6–2.4)
  > 6 8 (5.3) 19 (9.7) 2.4 (0.9–6.7) 2.4 (0.8–6.9)
Practicing home gardening     
 Yes 23 (15.2) 18 (9.2) 1 1
 No 128 (84.8) 177 (90.8) 1.8 (0.9–3.4) 2.1 (1.01–4.2)a
Daily eating pattern in the previous 7 days     
 Three meals and/or above 68 (45) 68 (34.9) 1 1
 Two meals & eating between meals 65 (43) 92 (47.2) 1.4 (0.9–2.3) 1.3 (0.8–2.1)
 Two meals only or below 18 (11.9) 35 (17.9) 1.9 (1.01–3.8) 1.8 (0.9–3.7)
  1. aP-value is significant at < 0.05, COR = Crude Odds Ratio, AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio, ETB = Ethiopian Birr
  2. bAdjusted for: educational status, occupation, residential address, average monthly income, availability of latrine, home gardening, history of illness in the previous 2 weeks, duration of menstruation (days), daily eating pattern in the previous 7 days and Source of drinking water