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  1. An increasing number of adults are over the age of 65, and there is concern about the increasing prevalence of age-associated cognitive decline and poor mental health status in older adults in the United State...

    Authors: Prasad P. Devarshi, Kelsey Gustafson, Ryan W. Grant and Susan Hazels Mitmesser
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:142
  2. This study aims to investigate the association between dietary insulin index (DII) and load (DIL) with cardiometabolic risk factors and the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) among patients with type...

    Authors: Vajeheh Arabshahi, Roksaneh Amiri, Samira Sadat Ghalishourani, Nazila Hasaniani, Shadi Nozarian, Ronia Tavasolian, Alireza Khiabani and Mehran Rahimlou
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:141
  3. In the Western world, there has been a notable rise in the popularity of plant-based, meat-reduced flexitarian diets. Nevertheless, there is insufficient data on the nutritional status of individuals following...

    Authors: Anja Bruns, Josefine Nebl, Wiebke Jonas, Andreas Hahn and Jan Philipp Schuchardt
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:140
  4. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with metabolic factors including obesity, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, oxidative stress, and elevated inflammatory factors. Zinc (Zn) supplementatio...

    Authors: Seyed Mohammad Amin Rezaei, Farzaneh Mohammadi, Mohammad Hassan Eftekhari, Fardad Ejtehadi, Haleh Ghaem and Nazanin Mohammadipoor
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:138
  5. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in Iran. Inflammation plays an essential role in developing CRC. A dietary pattern called the empirical dietary inflammatory pattern (EDIP) has recently ...

    Authors: Zainab Shateri, Maede Makhtoomi, Fatemeh Mansouri, Milad Rajabzadeh-dehkordi, Mehran Nouri and Bahram Rashidkhani
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:136
  6. Higher levels of methyl donor nutrients may be associated with better psychological conditions. Little is known about the association of methyl donor nutrients with psychological conditions among women especia...

    Authors: Fawzia Zahidi, Hanieh Abbasi, Pamela J Surkan and Leila Azadbakht
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:135
  7. Behaviour change science is proposed to improve participant retention and enhance the validity of trials. However, researchers seldom systematically consider and implement behaviour change strategies within tr...

    Authors: Anna Worthington, Nicola Gillies, Rina Hannaford, Rajshri Roy and Andrea Braakhuis
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:134
  8. The double burden of malnutrition (DBM) is rising globally, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. In Sierra Leone, the incidence of overweight, obesity (OWOB), and overnutrition among women has sharply increased...

    Authors: Eric Nzirakaindi Ikoona, Mame Awa Toure, Amon Njenga, Lucy Namulemo, Ronald Kaluya, Kassim Kamara, Freddy Wathum Drinkwater Oyat, Judith Aloyo, John Bosco Matovu and David Lagoro Kitara
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:133
  9. Vitamin D, one of the most essential micronutrients, is crucial in various health outcomes. However, previous studies showed conflicting results and uncertainty about vitamin D supplementation's optimal dosage...

    Authors: Alireza Khodadadiyan, Mahdi Rahmanian, Dorsa Shekouh, Melika Golmohammadi, Arshin Ghaedi, Aida Bazrgar, Mehrab Sayadi, Mehdi Bazrafshan, Aigin Heydari and Hamed Bazrafshan Drissi
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:132
  10. A growing proportion of the population are replacing their dietary animal protein with plant protein. A particular example of this trend is the vegan diet, which excludes all food items of animal origin. Howev...

    Authors: Margit D. Aaslyng, Astrid Bøgebjerg Dam, Iben Lykke Petersen and Tenna Christoffersen
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:131
  11. Despite a large body of literature on the nexus between knowledge, attitude and practice towards nutrition and gender, this nexus is likely to vary and is not clear in many societies, such as Ethiopia.

    Authors: Girma Gezimu Gebre, Derebe Ermias Chefebo and Deribe Kaske Kacharo
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:130
  12. Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a common muscle condition characterized by painful trigger points. Vitamin D deficiency has been recognized as a precipitating factor of MPS. The present study aimed to determ...

    Authors: Pimpitcha Channarong and Chanwit Phongamwong
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:129
  13. Despite growing evidence on the short-term deleterious effects of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in childhood on hematopoiesis, little is known about the long-term hematological effects of SAM in low-income c...

    Authors: Aline Bedha, Tony Shindano, Michel P. Hermans, Violaine Havelange, Samuel Makali, Jimmy Minani, Gaylord Ngaboyeka, Edwige Kunaba, Philippe Donnen, Michelle Dramaix, Ghislain Bisimwa and Pacifique Mwene-Batu
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:128
  14. Pediatric surgical patients in low and middle-income countries suffer from malnutrition on top of the surgical pathology and post-operative stress which increases post-operative morbidity and mortality. Malnut...

    Authors: Belachew D. Wondemagegnehu, Woubedel K. Aklilu, Milliard D. Beyene and Bareng A. Sanny Nonyane
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:127
  15. In developing countries, the practice of food taboo is pervasive. The types of foods considered as taboos and the reasons attached to taboos vary from society to society. Food taboos have been recognized as on...

    Authors: Peter Vivian Acire, Arthur Bagonza and Nicolas Opiri
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:126
  16. By 2050, approximately 68% of the global population will live in cities, but nutrition data on urban populations of low- and middle-income countries are scarce. Fast growing secondary cities, combining charact...

    Authors: Tanja Barth-Jaeggi, Cornelia Speich, Cassien Havugimana, Francine Bayisenge, Simon Kimenju, Wilfred Omondi, S. Fuad Pasha, Shahidul Islam, Kesso Gabrielle van Zutphen-Küffer, Sophie van den Berg, Dominique Barjolle, Marnie Pannatier and Helen Prytherch
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:125
  17. Inappropriate complementary feeding is one of the leading causes of malnutrition among children 6–23 months old and delays children’s growth milestone. The determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding p...

    Authors: Meron Tadesse, Yeshimebet Ali Dawed, Zinabu Fentaw, Abel Endawike and Kidist Adamu
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:124
  18. Despite efforts to promote exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life, pre-lacteal feeding remains prevalent in Ethiopia. The study will use data from the 2019 Performance Monitoring for Action E...

    Authors: Natnael Kebede, Eyob Ketema Bogale, Amare Zewdie, Tadele Derbew Kassie, Tadele Fentabil Anagaw, Elyas Melaku Mazengia, Sintayehu Shiferaw Gelaw, Eneyew Talie Fenta and Habitu Birhan Eshetu
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:123
  19. Micronutrient deficiencies from malabsorption, gut infections, and altered gut barrier function are common in children living with the human immunodeficiency virus (CLHIV) and may worsen with severe acute maln...

    Authors: Mutsa Bwakura-Dangarembizi, Lauren Ziemba, Camlin Tierney, Christina Reding, Frederic Bone, Sarah Bradford, Diane Costello, Renee Browning, John Moye, Tichaona Vhembo, James S. Ngocho, Macpherson Mallewa, Lameck Chinula, Philippa Musoke and Maxensia Owor
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:121
  20. Malnutrition among children is pervasive in South Asia and there are also reports of overnutrition. To better understand this phenomenon, we need a composite measure. However, the existing measures such as CIA...

    Authors: Sabeen Saif and Sofia Anwar
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:120
  21. The double burden of malnutrition among children remains a public health challenge in South Africa. In response, the government of South Africa developed the National Health Policy and Implementation Guideline...

    Authors: Netsai Bianca Gwelo, Joshua Sumankuuro, Olagoke Akintola and William R. Brieger
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:119
  22. Commercial complementary foods (CCF) are unhealthy products for children under 24 months, containing unhealthy fats, refined starches, sugars, salt, and additives. The consumption of CCF is linked to non-commu...

    Authors: Tirunesh Debessa, Zewudu Befkadu, Tefera Darge, Abeza Mitiku and Ebisa Negera
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:118
  23. Hemoglobin assessments in children and women have been conducted annually in Chad since 2016 through the Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions (SMART) cross-sectional surveys. This a...

    Authors: Eleonor Zavala, Sarah Adler, Edgar Wabyona, Martin Ahimbisibwe and Shannon Doocy
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:117
  24. Research on dairy consumption in China is lacking, however, some evidence has demonstrated significant changes in recent years, with a reported increase in the overall consumption of dairy products. To fully u...

    Authors: Shuhua Yang, Nupur Bhargava, Aileen O’Connor, Eileen R. Gibney and Emma L. Feeney
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:116
  25. Appropriate levels of dietary diversity are essential for proper physiology of human being and it is crucial to consume healthy foods at every phase of life, especially during pregnancy. Inadequate dietary div...

    Authors: Segni Mulugeta Tafasa, Jiregna Darega, Nagasa Dida and Feyisa Dudema Gemechu
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:115
  26. Malnutrition is a significant problem in Africa. In Kenya, 26% of under-fives are stunted; slums are the hardest hit. Obunga slum has the highest prevalence at 40%.

    Authors: Umotho Kinya Mbae-Mugambi, Agatha Christine Onyango and David Omondi Okeyo
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:114
  27. Nutritional status and physical activity are essential to maintain a strong immune system. No definite pharmacological strategies for Coronavirus disease 2019 treatment are presently available, so natural enha...

    Authors: Mona A Hegazy, Marwa M Fouad, Samah Ahmed Abd elshafy, Dalia Abdelfatah, Rania M Lithy, Ahmed Abdelghani and Omar Ahmed Ashoush
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:113
  28. Dietary pattern involving meat consumption has an association with serum uric acid level which subsequently has an impact on moods. However, this relationship is not clearly established in pregnant women, part...

    Authors: Mudi H. Alharbi, Nora H.J. Alharbi, Ibtihal A. Brnawi and Elham H. Atiq
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:111
  29. This study aimed to evaluate the inflammatory effect of diet using the dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) on the odds of periodontitis. We hypothesized that a diet with high DII scores (a pro-inflammatory diet) ...

    Authors: Reihaneh Sadat Ghaemmaghami, Mojtaba Bayani, Afrooz Nakhostin and Farhad Vahid
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:109
  30. Vitamin D Deficiency is recognized as a pandemic, which is associated with high mortality. An inadequate level of vitamin D is associated with autoimmune diseases, hypertension, and cancer. The study was aimed...

    Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Sambhu Mondal and Snehasis Jana
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:108
  31. Healthy eating is vital to well-being and during the COVID-19 pandemic, it was especially important for boosting immunity and protecting against viral infections. Yet, by many accounts, keeping a nutritious di...

    Authors: Jennifer Parker, Simranpreet Kaur, John Marlo Medalla, Anairobi Imbert-Sanchez and Jeanette Bautista
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:107
  32. Assess the impact of an educational Planetary Health Plate (PHP) graphic on meat-related dietary choices of Stanford University dining hall patrons using a randomized controlled trial crossover design. All pat...

    Authors: Alessandra L. Marcone, Gary L. Darmstadt, Ghislaine Amsler Challamel, Maya B. Mathur and Christopher D. Gardner
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:106
  33. Despite the advantages of iron and folic acid supplementation, the compliance status among pregnant women for the supplements is very low in Ethiopia. However, the factors found to be associated with the compl...

    Authors: Tegegn Tadesse Arficho
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:105
  34. The intake of unhealthy food taken on very regular basis may bring even further negative impact on health if associated with excessive time using of screen-based electronic devices.

    Authors: Anna Karolina Cerqueira Barros, Gilmar Mercês de Jesus, Graciete Oliveira Vieira and Lizziane Andrade Dias
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:104
  35. About 8 to 44% of all child mortality in Africa is associated with undernutrition. To alleviate this problem, it is necessary to determine the magnitude and determinants of undernutrition during Covid 19 pande...

    Authors: Beshadu Bedada Feyisa and Getu Taresa Dabu
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:103
  36. Maternal malnutrition remains a major public health problem, particularly in low and middle-income countries and war-affected areas like Ethiopia. Malnourished pregnant and lactating women with low nutrient st...

    Authors: Aysheshim Kassahun Belew, Tadesse Awoke, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Asmamaw Atnafu, Tadesse Guadu, Telake Azale, Mezigebu Yitayal, Yohannes Awoke Assefa, Rediet Getachew, Tadele Amare, Sewbesew Yitayih, Kegnie Shitu, Demeke Demilew, Endalkachew Dellie, Andualem Yalew Aschalew, Biruk Fanta…
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:102
  37. Nutrition is vital in health and sports performance by improving anthropometric-related parameters and dietary habits, especially in the youngest ages. The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been highly recognized fo...

    Authors: César Leão, Sílvia Rocha-Rodrigues, Inês Machado, João Lemos, Sandra Leal and Hadi Nobari
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:101
  38. The present-day food system is a key driver of climate change and biodiversity loss, making it imperative for populations to shift towards more sustainable diets. The involvement of youth in this transition is...

    Authors: Soraya van Etten, Lonneke Jansen, Michèlle Bal, Brian J. Dermody, Eggo Müller, John de Wit and Marijn Stok
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:100
  39. The current research aimed to evaluate the relationship between fruit, vegetable (FV), and dairy consumption with the odds of developing hypertension based on nationwide Stepwise approach to surveillance (STEP...

    Authors: Mehran Nouri, Zainab Shateri, Mohebat Vali and Shiva Faghih
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:99
  40. We examined the cross-sectional associations of dietary Glycemic Index (GI), Glycemic Load (GL), Dietary Insulin Index (DII), and Dietary Insulin Load (DIL) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) factors in subject...

    Authors: Hossein Bavi Behbahani, Mahshad Shokuhi, Cain C. T. Clark, Ahmad Zare Javid, Vahideh Aghamohammadi, Hadi bazyar, Mahsa Samadani and Habib Haybar
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:98
  41. Time-restricted eating (TRE) is a current popular dietary strategy for noncommunicable diseases. However, studies demonstrated contradictory results for it and in all dietary strategies, diet quality is an the...

    Authors: Özge Mengi Çelik, Eda Köksal and Müjde Aktürk
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:97
  42. There is no country in the developing world where iodine deficiency is not a public health problem including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to assess inadequate utilization of iodized salt and associate...

    Authors: Getachew Sale Mezgebu, Endalkachew Amare Enyew, Beakal Zinab Tefera and Fentaw Wassie Feleke
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:96
  43. Whether or not the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) conditions in which children under five live determine their nutritional status is still under discussion. The work aimed to study the effects of househo...

    Authors: Nicolas Gaffan, Alphonse Kpozehouen, Cyriaque Degbey, Yolaine Glele Ahanhanzo and Moussiliou Noël Paraïso
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:95
  44. Iron deficiency (ID) and anaemia of inflammation (AI) coexist where infections and nutritional deficiencies are common. The aim of this study was to determine burden of ID, anaemia, inflammation and AI in chil...

    Authors: Sharon Odmia Sama, Germain Sotoing Taiwe, Rene Ning Teh, Gwendolyne Elobe Njume, Seraphine Njuontsop Chiamo and Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2023 9:94

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