UNAIDS. UNAIDS global AIDS update 2021 – confronting inequalities. Geneva: UNAIDS; 2021. Available from: https://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/media_asset/2021-global-aids-update_en.pdf Accessed 7 Oct 2021
UNAIDS. The western and central Africa catch-up plan - putting HIV treatment on the fast-track by 2018. Geneva: UNAIDS; 2017. p. 40. Available from: http://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/media_asset/WCA-catch-up-plan_en.pdf. Accessed 7 Oct 2021
Development Initiatives. 2018 global nutrition report: shining a light to spur action on nutrition - executive summary. Bristol: Development Initiatives; 2018. Available from: https://globalnutritionreport.org/reports/global-nutrition-report-2018/executive-summary/. Accessed 7 Oct 2021
FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP, WHO. The state of food security and nutrition in the world 2021. Transforming food systems for food security, improved nutrition and affordable healthy diets for all. Rome: FAO; 2021.
Trehan I, O’Hare BA, Phiri A, Heikens GT. Challenges in the management of HIV-infected malnourished children in Sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS Res Treat. 2012;2012:790786.
Jesson J, Leroy V. Challenges of malnutrition care among HIV-infected children on antiretroviral treatment in Africa. Med Mal Infect. 2015;45(5):149–56.
Cervia JS, Chantry CJ, Hughes MD, Alvero C, Meyer WA, Hodge J, et al. Associations of proinflammatory cytokine levels with lipid profiles, growth, and body composition in HIV-infected children initiating or changing antiretroviral therapy. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010;29(12):1118–22.
Johann-Liang R, O’Neill L, Cervia J, Haller I, Giunta Y, Licholai T, et al. Energy balance, viral burden, insulin-like growth factor-1, interleukin-6 and growth impairment in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus. AIDS Lond Engl. 2000;14(6):683–90.
Chinkhumba J, Tomkins A, Banda T, Mkangama C, Fergusson P. The impact of HIV on mortality during in-patient rehabilitation of severely malnourished children in Malawi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102(7):639–44.
Fergusson P, Chinkhumba J, Grijalva-Eternod C, Banda T, Mkangama C, Tomkins A. Nutritional recovery in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children with severe acute malnutrition. Arch Child. 2009;94(7):512–6.
McGrath CJ, Diener L, Richardson BA, Peacock-Chambers E, John-Stewart GC. Growth reconstitution following antiretroviral therapy and nutritional supplementation: systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS Lond Engl. 2015;29(15):2009–23.
Jesson J, Koumakpaï S, Diagne NR, Amorissani-Folquet M, Kouéta F, Aka A, et al. Effect of age at antiretroviral therapy initiation on catch-up growth within the first 24 months among HIV-infected children in the IeDEA West African Pediatric Cohort. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2015;34(7):e159–68.
McHenry MS, Apondi E, Vreeman RC. The importance of nutritional care in HIV-infected children in resource-limited settings. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2014;12(12):1423–6.
Jesson J, Ephoevi-Ga A, Desmonde S, Ake-Assi MH, D'Almeida M, Sy HS, et al. Growth in the first 5 years after antiretroviral therapy initiation among HIV-infected children in the IeDEA West African Pediatric Cohort. Trop Med Int Health. 2019;24(6):775–85.
WHO. Guidelines for an integrated approach to the nutritional care of HIV-infected children (6 months-14 years). [Internet]. Geneva: WHO; 2009. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK143685/. Accessed 3 Dec 2018
Irlam James H, Siegfried N, Visser Marianne E, Rollins Nigel C. Micronutrient supplementation for children with HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(10):CD010666. https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD010666/epdf/standard.
Grobler L, Siegfried N, Visser Marianne E, Mahlungulu Sarah SN, Volmink J. Nutritional interventions for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(2):CD004536. https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004536.pub3/epdf/standard.
McHenry MS, Dixit A, Vreeman RC. A systematic review of nutritional supplementation in HIV-infected children in resource-limited settings. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2015;14(4):313–23.
Picot J, Hartwell D, Harris P, Mendes D, Clegg AJ, Takeda A. The effectiveness of interventions to treat severe acute malnutrition in young children: a systematic review. Health Technol Assess Winch Engl. 2012;16(19):1–316.
Lenters LM, Wazny K, Webb P, Ahmed T, Bhutta ZA. Treatment of severe and moderate acute malnutrition in low- and middle-income settings: a systematic review, meta-analysis and Delphi process. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(Suppl 3):S23.
Ekouevi DK, Azondekon A, Dicko F, Malateste K, Touré P, Eboua FT, et al. 12-month mortality and loss-to-program in antiretroviral-treated children: The IeDEA pediatric West African Database to evaluate AIDS (pWADA), 2000-2008. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:519.
WHO. Training course on child growth assessment. Module B: measuring a child’s growth. Geneva: WHO; 2008. Available from: http://www.who.int/childgrowth/training/module_b_measuring_growth.pdf; Accessed 3 Dec 2018
WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group. WHO child growth standards: length/height-for-age, weight-for-age, weight-for-length, weight-for-height and body mass index-for-age; methods and development. Geneva: World Health Organisation; 2006. p. 312.
de Onis M, Onyango AW, Borghi E, Siyam A, Nishida C, Siekmann J. Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents. Bull World Health Organ. 2007 Sep;85(9):660–7.
FAO. Guidelines for measuring household and individual dietary diversity. Rome: FAO; 2011.
World Health Organization (WHO). Indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding practices. Part I definitions. Washington, D.C.: World Health Organization (WHO); 2008. Available from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/43895/9789241596664_eng.pdf?sequence=1. Accessed 3 Dec 2018
Ndekha MJ, Manary MJ, Ashorn P, Briend A. Home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food is of benefit to malnourished, HIV-infected Malawian children. Acta Paediatr Oslo Nor. 2005;94(2):222–5.
Sunguya BF, Poudel KC, Mlunde LB, Otsuka K, Yasuoka J, Urassa DP, et al. Ready to use therapeutic foods (RUTF) improves undernutrition among ART-treated, HIV-positive children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Nutr J. 2012;11:60.
Jesson J, Coulibaly A, Sylla M, N’Diaye C, Dicko F, Masson D, et al. Evaluation of a nutritional support intervention in malnourished HIV-infected children in Bamako, Mali. JAIDS J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017;76(2):149–57.
Sewale Y, Hailu G, Sintayehu M, Moges NA, Alebel A. Magnitude of malnutrition and associated factors among HIV infected children attending HIV-care in three public hospitals in East and West Gojjam Zones, Amhara, Northwest, Ethiopia, 2017: a cross-sectional study. BMC Res Notes. 2018;11(1):788.
Motbainor A, Worku A, Kumie A. Stunting is associated with food diversity while wasting with food insecurity among underfive children in East and West Gojjam Zones of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. PloS One. 2015;10(8):e0133542.
Abizari A-R, Azupogo F, Nagasu M, Creemers N, Brouwer ID. Seasonality affects dietary diversity of school-age children in northern Ghana. PloS One. 2017;12(8):e0183206.
Savy M, Martin-Prével Y, Traissac P, Eymard-Duvernay S, Delpeuch F. Dietary diversity scores and nutritional status of women change during the seasonal food shortage in rural Burkina Faso. J Nutr. 2006;136(10):2625–32.
Cames C, Varloteaux M, Have NN, Diom AB, Msellati P, Mbaye N, et al. Acceptability of outpatient ready-to-use food-based protocols in HIV-infected senegalese children and adolescents within the MAGGSEN Cohort Study. Food Nutr Bull. 2017;38(1):27–36.
Niasse F, Varloteaux M, Diop K, Ndiaye SM, Diouf FN, Mbodj PB, et al. Adherence to ready-to-use food and acceptability of outpatient nutritional therapy in HIV-infected undernourished Senegalese adolescents: research-based recommendations for routine care. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):695.
Briend A, Lacsala R, Prudhon C, Mounier B, Grellety Y, Golden MH. Ready-to-use therapeutic food for treatment of marasmus. Lancet Lond Engl. 1999;353(9166):1767–8.
Diouf A, Badiane A, Manga NM, Idohou-Dossou N, Sow PS, Wade S. Daily consumption of ready-to-use peanut-based therapeutic food increased fat free mass, improved anemic status but has no impact on the zinc status of people living with HIV/AIDS: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health. 2016;16:1.
Sunguya BF, Poudel KC, Mlunde LB, Urassa DP, Yasuoka J, Jimba M. Poor nutrition status and associated feeding practices among HIV-positive children in a food secure region in Tanzania: a call for tailored nutrition training. PloS One. 2014;9(5):e98308.
Anema A, Vogenthaler N, Frongillo EA, Kadiyala S, Weiser SD. Food insecurity and HIV/AIDS: current knowledge, gaps, and research priorities. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2009;6(4):224–31.
Pienaar M, van Rooyen FC, Walsh CM. Household food security and HIV status in rural and urban communities in the Free State province, South Africa. SAHARA J J Soc Asp HIVAIDS Res Alliance. 2017;14(1):118–31.
Peters DH, Adam T, Alonge O, Agyepong IA, Tran N. Implementation research: what it is and how to do it. BMJ. 2013;347:f6753.
McLean J, Northrup-Lyons M, Reid RJ, Smith L, Ho K, Mucumbitsi A, et al. From evidence to national scale: an implementation framework for micronutrient powders in Rwanda. Matern Child Nutr. 2018;e12752.
Billah SM, Ferdous TE, Karim MA, Dibley MJ, Raihana S, Moinuddin M, et al. A community-based cluster randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of different bundles of nutrition-specific interventions in improving mean length-for-age z score among children at 24 months of age in rural Bangladesh: study protocol. BMC Public Health. 2017;17(1):375.
Tonguet-Papucci A, Houngbe F, Huybregts L, Ait-Aissa M, Altare C, Kolsteren P, et al. Unconditional seasonal cash transfer increases intake of high-nutritional-value foods in young Burkinabe children: results of 24-Hour dietary recall surveys within the moderate acute malnutrition out (MAM’Out) randomized controlled trial. J Nutr. 2017;147(7):1418–25.
Zembe-Mkabile W, Ramokolo V, Sanders D, Jackson D, Doherty T. The dynamic relationship between cash transfers and child health: can the child support grant in South Africa make a difference to child nutrition? Public Health Nutr. 2016;19(2):356–62.
Alaofè H, Zhu M, Burney J, Naylor R, Douglas T. Association between women’s empowerment and maternal and child nutrition in Kalalé District of Northern Benin. Food Nutr Bull. 2017;38(3):302–18.
Sackey J, Zhang FF, Rogers B, Aryeetey R, Wanke C. Food security and dietary diversity are associated with health related quality of life after 6 months of follow up among people living with HIV in Accra, Ghana. AIDS Care. 2018;30(12):1567–71.
Benzekri NA, Sambou JF, Diaw B, Sall EHI, Sall F, Niang A, et al. The dimensions of food insecurity and malnutrition among people living with HIV in Senegal, West Africa. AIDS Care. 2017;29(12):1510–6.
Sunguya BF, Mlunde LB, Urassa DP, Poudel KC, Ubuguyu OS, Mkopi NP, et al. Improving feeding and growth of HIV-positive children through nutrition training of frontline health workers in Tanga, Tanzania. BMC Pediatr. 2017;17(1):94.
Hong H, Budhathoki C, Farley JE. Effectiveness of macronutrient supplementation on nutritional status and HIV/AIDS progression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2018;27:66–74.
Roberton T, Carter ED, Chou VB, Stegmuller AR, Jackson BD, Tam Y, et al. Early estimates of the indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on maternal and child mortality in low-income and middle-income countries: a modelling study [published online ahead of print, 2020 May 12]. Lancet Glob Health. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30229-1.