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  1. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) starts from early life and is one of the important underlying factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in adulthood. Controversial evidence exists on the role of vitamin D deficie...

    Authors: Mostafa Qorbani, Motahar Heidari-Beni, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Gita Shafiee, Farid Goodarzi, Seyed Saeed Tamehri Zadeh, Majid Khademian, Nami Mohammadian Khonsari, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hamid Asayesh, Mohammad Jabbari, Ramin Heshmat, Mehdi Ebrahimi and Roya Kelishadi
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:71
  2. Under-nutrition during pregnancy affects birth outcomes and neonatal outcomes. Worldwide, 20.5 million children were low birth weight, mainly in poor countries. However, there is no longitudinal-based evidence...

    Authors: Kidanemaryam Berhe, Lemlem Weldegerima, Freweini Gebrearegay, Amaha Kahsay, Afewerki Tesfahunegn, Mehammedseid Rejeu and Brhane Gebremariam
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:72
  3. Dietary folate inadequacy is one the most common micronutrient deficiencies that cause neural tube defect (NTD) among infants in Sub-Saharan African countries. This study aims to determine the dietary intake o...

    Authors: Nega Assefa, Yasir Y. Abdullahi, Aklilu Abraham, Elena C. Hemler, Isabel Madzorera, Yadeta Dessie, Kedir Teji Roba and Wafaie W. Fawzi
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:69
  4. Sugar overconsumption is a major contributor to overweight and obesity, with daily consumption greatly exceeding the WHO’s recommendations. The aim of the present study was to determine whether using a functio...

    Authors: Karoline Villinger, Deborah R. Wahl, Kai Engel and Britta Renner
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:65
  5. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) remains high in Kenya despite interventions. Twenty-seven percent of children aged 6 months-14 years are anemic, with low iron intake (7%) among children aged 6–23 months. Standard...

    Authors: Dorothy Apondi Othoo, Sophie Ochola, Elizabeth Kuria and Judith Kimiywe
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:70
  6. The high level of incidence of mortality attributed to non-communicable diseases such as cancer, diabetes and hypertension being experienced in developing countries requires concerted effort on investment in s...

    Authors: Benjamin Kenyi Bendere Lomira, Prossy Nassanga, Daniel Micheal Okello and Duncan Ongeng
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:68
  7. One of the strategies to promote child health and reduce child mortality is growth monitoring and promotion services. But, there is limited information on determinants of Growth Monitoring and Promotion servic...

    Authors: Samuel Dagne, Jemal Aliyu, Yonatan Menber, Yosef Wassihun, Pammla Petrucka and Netsanet Fentahun
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:67
  8. Tanzania is one of the Sub-Saharan African country with nearly 12 out of 60 million people being adolescent. The prevalence of child marriage is higher with one out of every three girls being married before re...

    Authors: Ramadhani H. Mtongwa, Charles Festo and Ester Elisaria
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:64
  9. The purpose of this study is to compare the change in the metabolic syndrome prevalence and risk factors between participants who followed a low carbohydrate diet and those who followed a low fat diet for six ...

    Authors: Sherzad Ali Ismael
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:62
  10. Milk and milk products make important contributions to the diet of Canadians. The aim of this study was to examine trends in Milk & Alternatives consumption among Canadians (≥2 years) from 2004 to 2015.

    Authors: Hassan Vatanparast, Naorin Islam and Mojtaba Shafiee
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:63
  11. Malnutrition is a public health problem, as wasting affects 7.5% of children worldwide. The harmful effects of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) can last a lifetime, but how SAM in childhood affects later breast...

    Authors: Christine Chimanuka Murhima’Alika, Ghislain Maheshe Balemba, Pacifique Mwene-Batu Lyabayungu, Guy Mulinganya Mulume’oderhwa, Grace Munthali, Victor Owino, Albert Mwembwo Tambwe, Michèle Dramaix, Philippe Donnen and Ghislain Bisimwa Balaluka
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:61
  12. Without high-quality nutritional support, there is a risk that people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) will replace lost muscle mass with fat mass when initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART). ...

    Authors: Hiwot Amare, Mette F. Olsen, Henrik Friis, Pernille Kæstel, Åse B. Andersen, Alemseged Abdissa, Daniel Yilma, Tsinuel Girma and Daniel Faurholt-Jepsen
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:60
  13. Maternal nutrition is closely linked to the survival and development of children during the first 1000 days of life. Maternal wasting, a measure of malnutrition, is measured using the mid-upper arm circumferen...

    Authors: Irene Byakatonda Kyamwine, Samalie Namukose, Yvette Wibabara, Lilian Bulage, Benon Kwesiga, Alex Riolexus Ario and Julie R. Harris
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:59
  14. Nutrition has a substantial role in the prevention, treatment, and cure of tuberculosis. Thus, nutrition assessment, counseling, and support (NACS) have been implemented as part of tuberculosis treatment. Howe...

    Authors: Meaza Girma Degefa, Afework Mulugeta Bezabih, Znabu Hadush Kahsay and Abate Bekele Belachew
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:58
  15. Serum zinc (Zn) levels have been shown to be associated with functional status; however, it is not clear whether this association differs by other sociodemographic characteristics. We examined the association ...

    Authors: Jen-Tzer Gau, Bhakti Chavan, Yang Li, Brian C. Clark and Zelalem T. Haile
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:57
  16. Childhood under-nutrition is far-reaching in low and middle-income nations. Undernutrition is one of the major open wellbeing concerns among newborn children and youthful children in Ethiopia. The present stud...

    Authors: Damitie Kebede and Alebel Aynalem
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:56
  17. Todays, due to the impact of human food choices on increasing greenhouse gas emissions, water consumption and environmental degradation, there is a new approach about changing the pattern of food production an...

    Authors: Arezoo Haghighian Roudsari, Abouali Vedadhir, Samira Pourmoradian, Hania Rahimi-Ardabili, Maryam Shokouhi and Ali Milani-Bonab
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:55

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Nutrition 2023 9:137

  18. Reducing obesity prevalence among marginalised subgroups with disproportionately high obesity rates is challenging. Given the promise of incentives and group-based programmes we trialled a culturally tailored,...

    Authors: Marewa Glover, Anette Kira, Hayden McRobbie, Rozanne Kruger, Mafi Funaki-Tahifote, Jane Stephen, Bernhard H. Breier and Geoff Kira
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:52
  19. Micronutrient deficiency is a known cause of adverse neurodevelopment and growth. Poor adherence to oral regimes of micronutrient supplements is a known challenge during the implementation of supplementation p...

    Authors: Aditi Apte, Mudra Kapoor, Sadanand Naik, Himangi Lubree, Pooja Khamkar, Diksha Singh, Dhiraj Agarwal, Sudipto Roy, Anand Kawade, Sanjay Juvekar, Rinti Banerjee and Ashish Bavdekar
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:48
  20. Fish smoking using biomass fuel is an important livelihood for women living in the coastal regions of Ghana and may contribute to anaemia risk. We assessed whether women who smoke fish as their primary livelih...

    Authors: Daniel Armo-Annor, Esi K. Colecraft, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Aaron Kobina Christian and Andrew D. Jones
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:50
  21. This study aims to determine: (i) information on overweight and obesity, represented by body mass index using measured anthropometric data, among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, (ii) how bo...

    Authors: Matthias Hans Belau, Muriel Bassil, Annika Laukamp and Alexander Kraemer
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:54
  22. Existing studies show that consuming food consistent with one’s culture reduces cardiometabolic risk. However, few studies have assessed whether these dietary choices influence sleep health. Accordingly, this ...

    Authors: Sadia B. Ghani, Krishna Taneja, Chloe C. A. Wills, Andrew S. Tubbs, Marcos E. Delgadillo, Dora Valencia, Mohamed Halane, William D. S. Killgore and Michael A. Grandner
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:53
  23. Anemia and underweight among women are major public health challenges. Access to health services can improve dietary behaviors and women’s nutritional status. We examined whether exposure to health services is...

    Authors: Kirk A. Dearden, Ramu Bishwakarma, Benjamin T. Crookston, Benesta T. Masau and Generose I. Mulokozi
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:45
  24. Distinct molecular, inflammatory, and metabolic signatures are present in oocytes and follicular fluid derived from women with obesity when compared to those derived from normal weight women, which suggest exi...

    Authors: Kindann Fawcett, Audrey Martinez, Meghan Crimmins, Clark Sims, Elisabet Børsheim and Aline Andres
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:51
  25. Globally, it is estimated that 50 million children under five are wasted. National nutrition survey-2018 has shown that 23.3 and 45.5% of children are wasted and stunted in Pakistan. Many studies have shown th...

    Authors: Saba Shahid, Marvi Mahesar, Anum Rahim and Yumna Sadiq
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:49
  26. The World Health Organization recommends the use of a weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) and/or mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) as anthropometric criteria for the admission and discharge of young children for ...

    Authors: Souna Garba, Halidou Salou, Fabienne Nackers, Amadou Ayouba, Montse Escruela, Ousmane Guindo, Mercé Rocaspana, Rebecca F. Grais and Sheila Isanaka
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:47
  27. Exclusive breastfeeding is critical for infant survival and development. However, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life is low in sub-Saharan Africa. With the current trend in breas...

    Authors: Anne Marie Soumah, Mamadou Diouldé Baldé, Mahamadi Tassembedo, Ousmane Ouédraogo, Franck Garanet, Adja Mariam Ouédraogo, Aminata Yara, Mamady Koulibaly, Ibrahima Camara and Seni Kouanda
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:44
  28. There is growing recognition of the important role of breakfast in children’s nutrition, and the potential harms related to skipping breakfast, including its contribution to obesity and non-communicable diseas...

    Authors: Manal Badrasawi, Ola Anabtawi and Yaqout Al-Zain
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:42
  29. Undernutrition and cardiac disease are interconnected in a vicious cycle. Little is known about the effect of undernutrition on cardiac disease among children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This ...

    Authors: Mulat Asrade, Abdulkadir Shehibo and Zemene Tigabu
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:43
  30. Annually, undernutrition contributes globally to 45% (3.1 million) of preventable deaths in children under 5. Effect following undernutrition i.e. physical growth & cognitive development etc. can be prevented ...

    Authors: Leila H. Abdullahi, Gilbert K. Rithaa, Bonface Muthomi, Florence Kyallo, Clementina Ngina, Mohamed A. Hassan and Mohamed A. Farah
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:46
  31. After the first 6 months breast milk is no longer sufficient to meet the nutritional needs of the infant. Therefore, complementary foods should be added to the child’s diet. Feeding children with a diversified...

    Authors: Bamlaku Birie, Andargachew Kassa, Emnet Kebede and Bezabih Terefe
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:40
  32. The prevalence of obesity is disproportionately high among African Americans in the Southern US. More information is needed about factors that influence participation in nutrition and physical activity program...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Lemacks, Laurie S. Abbott, Tammy Greer, Renee Gunn, Ashley Bryant, LaShaundrea Bradford and Penny A. Ralston
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:39
  33. The central role of microbiota and the contribution of diet in immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) are increasingly examined. However, patients’ perspectives on nutrition and its impact on their disea...

    Authors: Thao Pham, Harry Sokol, Bruno Halioua, Graziella Pourcel, Manuel Brun, Emilie Pain and Damien Testa
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:38
  34. Overweight and obesity have increased considerably in low- and middle-income countries over the past few decades, particularly among women of reproductive age. This study assessed the role of physical activity...

    Authors: Dominic Mosha, Heavenlight A. Paulo, Mary Mwanyika-Sando, Innocent B. Mboya, Isabel Madzorera, Germana H. Leyna, Sia E. Msuya, Till W. Bärnighausen, Japhet Killewo and Wafaie W. Fawzi
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:37
  35. Animal-source foods (ASFs) are high-quality nutrient-dense products key to reducing stunting and micronutrient deficiencies. However, their consumption among the poorest households in urban informal settlement...

    Authors: Salome A. Bukachi, Mariah Ngutu, Ann W. Muthiru, Aurélia Lépine, Suneetha Kadiyala and Paula Domínguez-Salas
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:35
  36. Dairy products are known as health-promoting foods. This study prospectively examined the association between milk and yogurt intake and mortality in a community-based population.

    Authors: Akiko Nakanishi, Erika Homma, Tsukasa Osaki, Ri Sho, Masayoshi Souri, Hidenori Sato, Masafumi Watanabe, Kenichi Ishizawa, Yoshiyuki Ueno, Takamasa Kayama and Tsuneo Konta
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:33
  37. Undernutrition during pregnancy is an important public health problem. It is highly prevalent in Ethiopia but not sufficiently addressed yet. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of undernutrition ...

    Authors: Deyganto Gergito Gelebo, Mathewos Alemu Gebremichael, Gistane Ayele Asale and Dessalegn Ajema Berbada
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:32
  38. Priming for cardiometabolic diseases, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is hypothesized to begin in utero. The primary objective of this study is to determine whether there is an association...

    Authors: Ahlia Sekkarie, Jean A. Welsh, Kate Northstone, Aryeh D. Stein, Usha Ramakrishnan and Miriam B. Vos
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:28
  39. Associations between diet and cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk may vary in men and women owing to sex differences in eating habits and physiology. The current secondary analysis sought to determine the abili...

    Authors: Virginia M. Artegoitia, Sridevi Krishnan, Ellen L. Bonnel, Charles B. Stephensen, Nancy L. Keim and John W. Newman
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:30
  40. Weight gain is routinely monitored to assess hydration and growth during treatment of children with complicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM). However, changes in weight and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC...

    Authors: Jolly G. K. Kamugisha, Betty Lanyero, Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Harriet Nambuya-Lakor, Christian Ritz, Christian Mølgaard, Kim F. Michaelsen, André Briend, Ezekiel Mupere, Henrik Friis and Benedikte Grenov
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:26
  41. The adherence to a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet may have a bidirectional relationship with mental wellbeing. We aimed to evaluate the association between compliance with a DASH diet and ...

    Authors: Mansoore Saharkhiz, Zahra Khorasanchi, Samira Karbasi, Amir Masoud Jafari-Nozad, Mohsen Naseri, Mahtab Mohammadifard, Mahin Siami Ali Abad, Malaksima Ayadilord, Gordon A. Ferns and Afsane Bahrami
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:21
  42. Nutritional awareness and practice of women during pregnancy could be determining their nutritional status, which significantly affects the outcome of pregnancy. Therefore this study aims to explore the maternal ...

    Authors: Matyas Atnafu Alehegn, Tsegaye Kebede Fanta and Agumas Fentahun Ayalew
    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2021 7:20

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